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Country information

This section gives a broad overview of Belgium's generic characteristics, its Location, Capital, Area, Climate, Population, Ethnic make-up, Religions, Government, and Languages spoken including local dialects.

It is a country in Western Europe bordered by France 620km, the Netherlands 450km, Germany by 167km, and Luxembourg by 148km.


30,528 km2 (11,787 square miles)

The Climate is maritime temperate mild winters, cool summers, rainy, humid and cloudy with significant precipitation in all seasons like most of North-West Europe

11,358,379 (estimated 2016)

23% of Belgium’s population is of non-Belgium origin)

372.06/km2 (963.6 / square miles)

Dutch, French, German are official languages, however, it is the home to two main linguistic groups – Dutch speaking mostly Flemish community, and the French speaking mostly Walloon population. 

Apart from the two major ethnic groups (Flemish & Walloon), the ethnic groups - followed by nearly 0.5 million Italians, and half of that roughly 220,000 from Morocco and the largest Muslim ethnic group. The rest of consists of French speaking people from Brussels, Turks, Kurds, Portuguese, Spain, Greeks, Bosnians, Algerians, Congolese, Vietnamese, Poles, Indians and Guineans. 

60.7 % Christianity, 32.0% No religion, 5.3% Islam, 2.1% other religions

Euro (EUR)

Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

Federal Parliament – Upper house (Senate), Lower House (Chamber of Representatives)

Is in three languages – “Eendracht maakt macht” – Dutch, “L’Union fait la force” – French, “Eingkeit macht stark”- German – “Unity makes strength” – English

“La Brabanconne” – “The Brabantian”

The name "Belgium" is derived from Gallia Belgica, a Roman province in the northernmost part of Gaul that before Roman invasion in 100 BC, was inhabited by the Belgae, a mix of Celtic and Germanic peoples.